Express Entry – The Process
Any person interested in applying for Canadian immigration via Express Entry route must first complete an Expression of Interest (EOI) with proven language ability and proof of Canadian educational equivalency. Based on age, education, language skills and work experience, the person can then enter the Express Entry pool. Entry into the pool does not guarantee permanent residence but is the first step in a comparison with others who are in the pool. A Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) will be used to calculate and compare candidates’ overall points. The maximum points obtainable are 1200, based on
Age (maximum 110)
Education (maximum 150)
Language (maximum 160)
Canadian work experience (maximum 80)
Transferable skills (maximum 100)
Additional Factors (maximum 600)
Candidates with the greatest points based on the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) will be issued with an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence. The candidate must apply, with all relevant documents, within 90 days for permanent residence. Unselected candidates will remain in the pool for up to one year and, if not selected, the person will automatically drop out and must re-apply again. It is essential to submit accurate information and documents througout the process. A recent report confirmed that 25% of applicants receiving an ITA were rejected due to sbmiting a flawed application. At Pahl & Associates we can minimise any chance of a refusal by accurately evaluating an applicant at the outset and ensuring that correct evidence is submitted.
Note: If you received an ITA before June 6 2017, these changes will not affect you.
The Canadian government made the following improvements to the Express Entry system.
Changes as of June 6, 2017
You can get additional points for good French skills
If you score NCLC 7 or higher on all four French language skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing), you will get
15 additional points if you scored CLB 4 or lower in English (or you have not had an English test); or
30 additional points if you scored CLB 5 or higher on all four English skills
This is in addition to points you get for official languages.
Points for siblings in Canada
You can now earn 15 additional points if you (or your spouse or common-law partner who will come with you to Canada) have a brother or sister who is:
living in Canada and
a citizen or permanent resident of Canada
To get these points, the brother or sister must also be
18 years old or older
related by blood, marriage, common-law partnership or adoption
have a parent in common
Job Bank registration voluntary
It is now up to you if you want to create a Job Match account with Job Bank.
If you meet the minimum entry criteria for Express Entry, you will be automatically be
placed into the pool
eligible for invitation rounds right away
You can still create a Job Match account to help you look for work.
New approach to rank candidates with the same CRS score
We can now break ties between candidates with the same rank in the pool.
The Express Entry system ranks candidates in the pool by their CRS score. In case of a CRS tie, the system will then rank all tied candidates based on the date and time that they submitted their profile.
You will be asked to enter in your Express Entry profile the amount of money you will have to help you settle in Canada. This is to show that you can support yourself and any family who come with you to Canada.
You will only need to meet the settlement fund requirement if it applies to the program you are invited to apply under.
If you are invited to apply under the Federal Skilled Worker Program or Federal Skilled Trades Program, you will need to show that you meet the settlement funds requirement unless you:
are currently authorized to work in Canada, and
have a valid job offer from an employer in Canada.
For proof, you must get official letters from any banks or financial institutions where you are keeping money.
Letter(s) must list:
all current bank and investment accounts
outstanding debts such as credit card debts and loans
Note: You do not have to meet the funds requirement if you were invited to apply under the Canadian Experience Class.
The system currently asks all applicants to provide a proof of funds document. If you don’t need to provide proof of funds, you must upload a letter explaining either that you have been invited to apply under the Canadian Experience Class, or that you have a valid job offer.
Language testing—Skilled immigrants (Express Entry)
You must prove your language skills by taking an approved language test. To do this:
schedule your test with an agency approved by IRCC and pay the costs
enter the test results into your Express Entry profile (and the Personal Information Number, if the system asks for it)
Language tests accepted by IRCC.
You can take any of these approved language tests:
CELPIP: Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program
you must take the CELPIP-General test
General-LS test for Express Entry is not accepted
IELTS: International English Language Testing System
you must take the General Training option
Academic option for Express Entry is not accepted
TEF: Test d’évaluation de français, including:
compréhension de l’écrit
compréhension de l’orale
Your test results must be valid (less than two years old) when you:
complete your Express Entry profile
apply for permanent residence
The Express Entry profile is valid for 12 months. Make sure that your language test results are valid for the same time period.
If your test results expire soon, you should re-take the test and update your Express Entry profile with your new test results.
Express Entry Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs)
There are a number of PNP programs that:
1. do not consider a candidate’s CRS score among their eligibility requirements; and
2. are open to candidates with no direct connections to Canada (such as a relative, job offer, or previous Canadian work or study).
The PNP route can be invaluable to Express Entry candidates and is an alternative option for candidates.
The majority of PNPs operate on a first-come-first-served basis and reach their quotas within a few days of opening An initial consultation combined with proactive preparation is essential for applying successfully.
Book a consultation to assess your skill set and the likelihood of securing an invitation to apply for permanent residence.
Pahl & Associates Express Entry consultation service includes:
In-depth assessment related to Federal Skilled Worker eligibility points, mandatory requirements and alternative economic program ( FSTP, CEC, PNP)
Review and identify any potential issues related to inadmissibility and settlement funds
Assess your potential Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) Score and the probability of receiving an ITA
Review of historical data relating to CRS scores and trends which may impact your proposed application
Confirm key documents required to upload an Expression of Interest (EOI) and potential issues related to the same
Advise strategies to increase your CRS score and improving prospects of receiving an ITA
It is essential to consider strategies to improve your Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score to improve your prospects of receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA)
In doing so you must ensure that you representing yourself accurately in your Express Entry profile. Not only could it earn you extra CRS points, but there are also serious penalties for misrepresenting yourself.
The first thing to keep in mind is that the credentials required to enter the Express Entry pool are not necessarily the same as those that will maximize your CRS score.
Language is also an area that can often be improved because the levels required to enter the Express Entry pool are significantly lower than the level that awards the maximum CRS points.
Language is also valuable because it counts for points in several sections of the CRS:
Education CRS points may be improved by obtaining additional credentials, for example, completing another degree, or by obtaining additional Educational Credential Assessments (ECAs) for existing degrees.
Spouse or common-law partner might be a better Principal Applicant
If you have a spouse or common-law partner, it may be beneficial to compare your CRS scores as principal applicants.
Obtaining additional work experience or better documenting current work experience may both help increase a candidate’s CRS score.
Going beyond job title, and measuring the duties you performed against the duties listed in the NOC’s different occupations can help determine if your work is considered skilled or unskilled. This, in turn, can result in points you might have otherwise not claimed.
After selecting the right NOC for your work experience, the next step is calculating how much time you spent at each job. Points are awarded for full-time or equivalent part-time work experience.
Federal Skilled Worker Class candidates must have at least one year of continuous, skilled work experience in order to enter the pool. However, even non-continuous work experience can count toward CRS points.
Work Experience and Provincial Nominee Programs
Documenting your work experience as precisely as possible can also make you eligible for a nomination by one of Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program, better known as PNPs. Express Entry candidates nominated by a Canadian province for permanent residence are awarded an additional 600 points toward their CRS score.
Provinces sometimes look for candidates with specific work experience that you may, in fact, have, but do not consider to be relevant because it is not related to your principal occupation.
Regardless of your CRS score, everyone in the Express Entry pool should be proactively preparing for an ITA or provincial nomination.
You might only have a CRS score of 299, but a provincial nomination could suddenly increase your score by 600 points, making an ITA in the next Express Entry invitation round all but guaranteed.
Candidates have only 90 days to submit their complete application after receiving an ITA, and several PNPs afford even less time. Having documents prepared in advance means you can hit the ground running as soon as you’re invited.